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Addiction

“We make a living by what we get, but make a life by what we give.”
~ Winston Churchill

Drug Addiction as a Therapeutic Target

Addiction encompasses everything from smoking cigarettes to methamphetamines, from taking opiates such as oxycodone and heroin to abusing sedatives, including Xanax™ and alcohol. Diagnostically termed a “substance use disorder”, addiction is not a choice or character flaw, but rather a chronic brain disease characterized by compulsive or difficult to control drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. There are no known identifiable factors that predict whether a person will become addicted to drugs. However, current research suggests that the risk of substance use disorders is influenced by a combination of biological (genetic), environmental, and developmental factors. The higher the risk burden, the more likely an individual will suffer an addiction following drug misuse and/or abuse.

Over time, drug use changes the brain in a manner that impairs the afflicted person’s ability to make decisions, resulting in weakened self-control when faced with intense urges to use drugs. This explains why substance use disorders are also relapsing diseases. Relapse is defined as the return to substance misuse or abuse after an attempt to stop the addictive behavior. Relapse is indicative of the need for additional or new treatment modalities.

The Societal Impact of Substance Use Disorders

In 2017, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) indicated that in the past year, 7.2% of all individuals in the United States aged 12 years and older, or roughly 19.7 million people, suffered from a substance abuse disorder. Comparatively, in that same year, 29.5 million people experienced drug use disorders worldwide. Furthermore, in 2017, 46% of Americans said that they had a close friend or family member who had been or was currently addicted to drugs.

Hope for the Future

A new and promising way to treat substance use disorders is to correct the pre-existing, underlying co-morbidities using novel targeted therapies. New treatments must also reach and educate the public regarding drug use, misuse, and abuse to highlight the circumstances associated with addiction.

  • Prohibition has never worked, drug dealers adapt, and more obscure drugs are made.
  • Adolescence is a risk factor for disease.
  • Brain architecture and connectivity establish risk; genetics and environment play a role.
  • Drug abuse profoundly affects the brain.
  • The brain circuits affected by substance use include those that normally control reward, motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control.
  • Chronic self-administration alters brain function.

Personal Finance for People in Recovery from Addiction

Juggling finances is not always easy, even when everything is going right. Add addiction to the mix, and suddenly you have a whole new challenge to keeping money in the bank. Whether it’s alcohol or drugs, sustaining an addiction requires a steady supply of the substance, creating a completely new and substantial expenditure that can ruin your finances fast.

In many cases, getting a better perspective on the effects of addiction may help a person re-frame their thoughts about substance abuse and contribute to a breakthrough. Let’s take a look at the immense impact addiction has on both a public scale and a personal level.

Here is a resource from our friends at MONEYGEEK.com to better understand how addiction impacts finances and a HOWTO guide to financial recovery after addiction.

https://www.moneygeek.com/financial-planning/resources/guide-financial-recovery-after-addiction/